Šrilanka: mračno in dobro

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Šrilanka: mračno in dobro

Paul Hilton

Posušene škržne plošče na stojnici kitajske medicine.

Na hongkonškem mednarodnem letališču se je 23. oktobra zgodil eden največjih zasegov škržnih plošč ranljivih mant, kar jih je bilo kdaj dokumentiranih – vendar bi bili cariniki, ki so jih zaplenili, še vedno prisiljeni umakniti se.

They seized around 330kg of the plates with an estimated market value of HK $900,000 (£88,000) after finding them in a consignment from Sri Lanka labelled “dried fish gills”. But although mantas are supposedly under international protection, the authorities might have to allow the shipment to continue on its way, according to UK charity the Manta Trust.

The trade in manta gill-plates for use in Asian “medicine” is relatively new but is already devastating populations, says the trust. The rays reproduce infrequently, have only one pup per pregnancy and overall population sizes are relatively small, so it doesn’t take much for overfishing to occur.

Under CITES legislation, nations are required to prove that any international trade in manta gill-plates will not affect survival of the species. But according to Manta Trust CEO Dr Guy Stevens: “It is essentially an impossibility for any country to prove that commercial trade in manta body parts is sustainable.

“It is therefore troubling that sources indicate a CITES permit was issued in Sri Lanka for the manta gill-plates seized at Hong Kong International, but was lost in transit,” he says. “If a new permit is sent to Hong Kong, it will result in the shipment being released.”
Šrilanka je že 30 let pogodbenica konvencije o ohranjanju selitvenih vrst divjih živali, ki navaja mante zaradi nevarnosti njihovega izumrtja, a ker državi ni uspelo vzpostaviti zakonodaje za zaščito raž, je njihov ribolov ni prepovedano.

Far from protecting mantas, Sri Lanka supports one of the world’s largest ray fisheries, with an estimated 600-1000 being landed annually – a rate the Manta Trust describes as “likely unsustainable”.

8 november 2020

Nations such as Sri Lanka “must take responsibility to protect their own national biodiversity before it is too late”, it says, adding that if the country continues to fail in safeguarding its own marine ecosystems, it will not only have devastating consequences for species including manta rays but will rob its own people of sustainable livelihoods.

Kar zadeva bolj pozitiven okoljski vidik, so šrilanška mornarica, obalna straža in prostovoljci nedavno rešili 120 kratkoplavutih kitov pilotov, ki so nasedli na največjem množičnem obrežju v državi doslej.

Incident se je zgodil 2. novembra popoldne v Panaduri blizu Colomba na jugozahodni obali, toda do zore naslednjega jutra je improvizirani delovni skupini s pomočjo majhne obalne pomorske patrulje uspelo potegniti vse kite nazaj v morje. obrti.

Znano je, da sta zaradi poškodb med nasedanjem poginila le dva pilotska kita, vzrok pa ni znan.

največji

Videoposnetek potapljača, ki se dotika kitovega morskega psa, je prinesel dobro #novico o potapljanju

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